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Long-term performance of novel high-calcium one-part alkali-activated cement developed from thermally activated lime kiln dust

Kadhim, A, Sadique, MM, Al-Mufti, R and Hashim, KS (2020) Long-term performance of novel high-calcium one-part alkali-activated cement developed from thermally activated lime kiln dust. Journal of Building Engineering. ISSN 2352-7102

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Abstract

The traditional activation approach for alkali-activated cement AAC has several problems resulting mainly from the hazardous and corrosiveness of the alkaline chemicals, such as (NaOH, Na2SiO3), which in turn impede the utilisation of AAC in the construction fields. In this study, A second generation of alkali activated binder was developed using Metakaolin (MK) and natural pozzolan material (NP) (as a source of alumina-silicate), these materials were activated using high-calcium lime kiln dust as solid activator to transform the alumina-silicate crystalline phases to cementitious hydrated products. This was achieved with the aid of heat treatment of materials at different temperatures. Raw materials and final AAC samples were characterised using analytical methods, such X-Ray powder diffraction (XRD), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TG-DTA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Additionally, long-term compressive strength, chemical and microstructural performance were investigated. The transformation of raw materials from crystalline to amorphous phases happened due to the effect of the heat treatment and the formation of stratlingite products in the final AAC paste, which were evidenced using the mentioned characterisation methods. The findings of the present study proved that the compressive strength of the new binder reached 27 MPa and 51 MPa after 28 and 180 days of curing, respectively, ensuring a progressive as well as a higher degree of alkali-activation and disappearance of unreacted alkaline substances in the final AAC products.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 1201 Architecture, 1202 Building
Subjects: T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Civil Engineering (merged with Built Env 10 Aug 20)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2020 12:28
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2020 12:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101766
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13588

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