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Surface engineering strategy using urea to improve the rate performance of Na2Ti3O7 in Na-ion batteries.

Costa, SIR, Choi, Y-S, Fielding, AJ, Naylor, AJ, Griffin, JM, Sofer, Z, Scanlon, DO and Tapia Ruiz, N (2020) Surface engineering strategy using urea to improve the rate performance of Na2Ti3O7 in Na-ion batteries. Chemistry: A European Journal. ISSN 1521-3765

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Abstract

Na2Ti3O7 (NTO) is considered a promising anode material for Na-ion batteries due to its layered structure with an open framework and low and safe average operating voltage of 0.3 V vs. Na+/Na. However, its poor electronic conductivity needs to be addressed to make this material attractive for practical applications among other anode choices. Here, we report a safe, controllable and affordable method using urea that significantly improves the rate performance of NTO by producing surface defects (e.g. oxygen vacancies and hydroxyl groups) and the secondary phase Na2Ti6O13. A comprehensive study using a combination of diffraction, microscopic, spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques supported by computational studies based on DTF calculations, was carried out to understand the effects of this treatment on the surface, chemistry and electronic and charge storage properties of NTO. This study underscores the benefits of using urea as a strategy for enhancing the charge storage properties of NTO and thus, unfolding the potential of this material in practical energy storage applications.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 03 Chemical Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2020 08:59
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2020 09:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/chem.202003129
URI: http://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13644

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