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Water purification from metal ions in the presence of organic matter using electromagnetic radiation-assisted treatment

Hashim, KS, Shaw, A, Al Khaddar, RM, Kot, P and Al-Shamma'a, A (2020) Water purification from metal ions in the presence of organic matter using electromagnetic radiation-assisted treatment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 280 (P2). ISSN 0959-6526

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Abstract

Organic matter is a widely occurring pollutant in freshwater sources due to the extensive use of synthetic organic compounds in industry and the natural occurrence of organic matter in the Earth’s crust. Organic matter causes adverse effects on the performance of water treatment plants, such as accelerated bacterial growth and increased consumption of chemical coagulants. Organic matter also has the ability to chelate some heavy metals forming refractory complexes that resist coagulation. The current research combines electromagnetic radiation (microwave) and electrocoagulation technologies to purify water from OM-heavy metal complexes created using iron and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The organic matter-iron solution was introduced to a microwave field to break down the complex, followed by electrolysis of the solution using an aluminum-base EC cell. Microwave power (50.0-300.0 W), temperature (50.0-150.0 oC) and irradiation period (5.0-15.0 minutes) were measured. During the electrolysing stage, initial pH (4.0-8.0), current density (1.0-2.0 mA.cm-2) and space between electrodes (5.0-20.0 mm), were examined. The results showed that the electromagnetic radiation-electrocoagulation technology removed up to 92 % of the organic matter-iron complex in comparison to 69.6 % removal using a traditional electrocoagulation method. The best operational conditions were established as follows: 10 minutes of microwave irradiation at 100Wat a temperature of 100 oC, followed by 20.0 minutes of electrolysing at an initial pH of 6.0, the space between electrodes5.0 mm and current density of 1.50 mA.cm-2.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0907 Environmental Engineering, 0910 Manufacturing Engineering, 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 12:50
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 13:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124427
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13736

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