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Investigating the In Vivo Antimicrobial Activity of a Self-Assembling Peptide Hydrogel Using a Galleria mellonella Infection Model

McCloskey, AP, Lee, M, Megaw, J, McEvoy, J, Coulter, SM, Pentlavalli, S and Laverty, G (2019) Investigating the In Vivo Antimicrobial Activity of a Self-Assembling Peptide Hydrogel Using a Galleria mellonella Infection Model. ACS Omega, 4 (2). pp. 2584-2589. ISSN 2470-1343

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Abstract

Technological advances in protein biochemistry now enable researchers to modify the structure of peptides to enable them to possess self-assembling properties, forming hydrogels at low concentrations. Peptides can be altered further to provide multifunctional characteristics, for example, to demonstrate antimicrobial properties. The aim of this article is to investigate the in vivo toxicity and antimicrobial properties of a low molecular weight (naphthalene-2-ly)-acetyl-diphenylalanine-dilysine-OH (NapFFKK-OH) peptide hydrogel using an innovative waxworm (Galleria mellonella) model, as an alternative to mammalian/vertebrate testing. NapFFKK-OH hydrogels did not demonstrate any observable in vivo toxicity or death in G. mellonella larvae over 5 days at concentrations studied (≤2% w/v). A dose-dependent log10 reduction in viable (CFU/mL) Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria implicated in nosocomial infections was observed over 72 h. NapFFKK-OH was especially effective against in vivo infection models of S. aureus with a significant 4.4 log10 CFU/mL reduction in viable bacteria at 2% w/v after 72 h. Our results show G. mellonella to be a useful model for preliminary determination of in vivo toxicity and antimicrobial efficacy profiles of novel nanomaterials, including peptide-based hydrogels. This contributes to the 3R principles of animal testing, reduction, refinement, and replacement. The results also show NapFFKK-OH to be a promising alternative to standardly employed antimicrobials with the potential to be utilized as a novel therapeutic in the treatment and prevention of hospital infections.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0904 Chemical Engineering, 0912 Materials Engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: American Chemical Scociety ACS
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2020 12:55
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2020 13:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1021/acsomega.8b03578
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13828

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