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The effects and toxicity of cathinones from the users' perspectives: A qualitative study

Assi, S, Gulyamova, N, Kneller, P and Osselton, D (2017) The effects and toxicity of cathinones from the users' perspectives: A qualitative study. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 32 (3). ISSN 0885-6222

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Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to explore the users' perspectives regarding the effects and toxicity of cathinones.
Methods: A systematic search of Internet discussion forums yielded 303 threads relevant to the research objectives. The threads were analysed by conventional content analysis where concepts were developed from codes and themes.
Results: The study identified 3 main themes in relation to cathinone use, effects, and toxicity. The first theme considered the modalities of intake of cathinones in relation to the derivative taken (mainly mephedrone, 3‐methylmethcathinone, and methylenedioxypyrovalerone), route of administration (eyeballing, insufflation, smoking, intravenous, oral, rectal, and sublingual), multidrug use, and purity of the cathinone derivative. The second theme characterised the main effects of cathinones, that is, increased energy, euphoria, and empathogenic. Toxic effects were reported regarding the nervous system (anxiety, hallucinations, nervousness, and paranoia), cardiovascular system (angina, myocardial infarction, and tachycardia), skin (discolouration, itching, and allergy), and renal system (difficulty in urination). Drug–drug interactions were also reported including multiple drug use between cathinones, stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens.
Conclusions: The Internet discussion forums provide useful sources of information regarding the effects and toxicity of cathinones, which can be taken into account when assessing the safety of drugs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Assi, S, Gulyamova, N, Kneller, P, Osselton, D. The effects and toxicity of cathinones from the users' perspectives: A qualitative study. Hum Psychopharmacol Clin Exp. 2017; 32:e2610., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/hup.2610. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2020 09:31
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2020 09:57
DOI or Identification number: 10.1002/hup.2610
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13850

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