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Experimental study on individual walking speed during emergency evacuation with the influence of ship motion

Wang, X, Liu, Z, Wang, J, Loughney, S, Yang, Z and Gao, X (2020) Experimental study on individual walking speed during emergency evacuation with the influence of ship motion. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 562. ISSN 0378-4371

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Abstract

Ship motion is an important influencing factor in passenger ship evacuation that affects the entire evacuation process by reducing an individual's walking speed. This study aims to quantify such effects in ship berthing and sailing operations by collecting experimental data to support passenger ship evacuation decisions. The study utilized Dalian Maritime University's training ship to conduct human walking experiments to study the influence of ship motion on passengers’ normal and fast walking speeds. It was found that during the berthing period, an individual's normal walking speed was 1.28–1.68 m/s, and the fast walking speed was 1.50–2.14 m/s. During the sailing, the ship's rolling motion reduced the normal walking speed by 3.8%–10.3% and the fast walking speed by 3.7%–14.0%. Due to the influence of ship rolling, the higher the deck and the farther away the rolling centre is, the smaller the athwartship and fore-aft walking speeds. Athwartship walking was slightly faster than fore-aft walking. Similarly, in the normal walking mode, the athwartship walking speed was 1.6%–3.7% faster than fore-aft walking, while in the fast walking mode, the athwartship walking speed was 0.8%–4.9% faster than fore-aft walking. Furthermore, during the berthing period, the average walking speed of the younger group was 24.1% higher than that of the older group. Finally, during the sailing, the speed reduction ratio of an individual's walking speed was 86.0%–96.2%, and the value decreased as the deck height increased. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0102 Applied Mathematics, 0105 Mathematical Physics, 0206 Quantum Physics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2020 12:54
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2020 13:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.physa.2020.125369
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/13887

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