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Is testosterone responsible for athletic success in female athletes?

Ahmetov, II, Stepanova, AA, Biktagirova, EM, Semenova, EA, Shchuplova, IS, Bets, LV, Andryushchenko, LB, Borisov, OV, Andryushchenko, ON, Generozov, EV and Roos, TR (2020) Is testosterone responsible for athletic success in female athletes? The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 60 (10). pp. 1377-1382. ISSN 1827-1928

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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the interrelationship between the resting serum testosterone (T) levels of female athletes from different types of sporting events and their athletic success. METHODS: The study involved 599 Russian international-level female athletes (95 highly elite, 190 elite, and 314 sub-elite; age: 16-35 years) and 298 age-matched female controls. The athlete cohort was stratified into four groups according to event duration, distance, and type of activity: 1) endurance athletes; 2) athletes with mixed activity; 3) speed/strength athletes; 4) sprinters. Athletic success was measured by determining the level of achievement of each athlete. RESULTS: The mean T levels of athletes and controls were 1.65±0.87 and 1.76±0.6 nmol/L (P=0.057 for difference between groups) with ranges of 0.08-5.82 and 0.38-2.83 nmol/L in athletes and controls, respectively. T levels were positively associated with athletic success in sprinters (P=0.0002 adjusted for age) only. Moreover, none of the sub-elite sprinters had T>1.9 nmol/L, while 50% of elite and highly elite sprinters had T>1.9 nmol/L (OR=47.0; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the measurement of the serum T levels significantly correlates with athletic success in sprinters but not other types of athletes and in the future may be useful in the prediction of sprinting ability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0913 Mechanical Engineering, 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Edizioni Minerva Medica
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2020 09:42
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 06:19
DOI or ID number: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10171-3
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14084
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