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Fluctuations in galactic bar parameters due to bar-spiral interaction

Hilmi, T, Minchev, I, Buck, T, Martig, M, Quillen, AC, Monari, G, Famaey, B, de Jong, RS, Laporte, CFP, Read, J, Sanders, JL, Steinmetz, M and Wegg, C (2020) Fluctuations in galactic bar parameters due to bar-spiral interaction. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 497 (1). pp. 933-955. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We study the late-time evolution of the central regions of two Milky Way (MW)-like simulations of galaxies formed in a cosmological context, one hosting a fast bar and the other a slow one. We find that bar length, Rb, measurements fluctuate on a dynamical time-scale by up to 100 per cent, depending on the spiral structure strength and measurement threshold. The bar amplitude oscillates by about 15 per cent, correlating with Rb. The Tremaine–Weinberg method estimates of the bars’ instantaneous pattern speeds show variations around the mean of up to ∼20 per cent⁠, typically anticorrelating with the bar length and strength. Through power spectrum analyses, we establish that these bar pulsations, with a period in the range ∼60–200 Myr, result from its interaction with multiple spiral modes, which are coupled with the bar. Because of the presence of odd spiral modes, the two bar halves typically do not connect at exactly the same time to a spiral arm, and their individual lengths can be significantly offset. We estimated that in about 50 per cent of bar measurements in MW-mass external galaxies, the bar lengths of SBab-type galaxies are overestimated by ∼15 per cent and those of SBbc types by ∼55 per cent⁠. Consequently, bars longer than their corotation radius reported in the literature, dubbed ‘ultrafast bars’, may simply correspond to the largest biases. Given that the Scutum–Centaurus arm is likely connected to the near half of the MW bar, recent direct measurements may be overestimating its length by 1–1.5 kpc, while its present pattern speed may be 5–10 km s−1 kpc−1 smaller than its time-averaged value.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2020 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 13:10
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 13:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/staa1934
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14101

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