Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Practitioner observations of oral nicotine use in elite sport: You snus you lose.

Kasper, AM and Close, GL (2021) Practitioner observations of oral nicotine use in elite sport: You snus you lose. European Journal of Sport Science. ISSN 1746-1391

Practitioner observations of oral nicotine use in elite sport You snus you lose.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (822kB) | Preview


The elite sport environment is one where athletes strive to find a competitive edge, through improved recovery modalities, cognitive performance or physical capacity. Due to this, non-scientifically evidenced and/or pseudo-scientific alternative remedies are ever popular. Snus (an oral tobacco based product containing the highly addictive compound nicotine) is one alternative 'physical and psychological performance enhancer', purported to act as a 'mental and physical booster', 'relaxative' and even as an 'appetite suppressor'. Despite snus having serious adverse health effects, along with no proven benefit to physical or mental performance, observations by the authors working in professional sport, along with several reports in the mainstream media, would suggest that the use of snus in elite sport appears to be increasing. Perhaps most worrying, the use of snus has been reported to be prevalent within younger athletes. It is crucial that athletes are fully educated with regards to the health implications of snus and other oral tobacco-based products, whilst practitioners should be aware of its growing prevalence in sport with strategies in place to discourage its use.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in European Journal of Sport Science. Andreas M. Kasper & Graeme L. Close (2021) Practitioner observations of oral nicotine use in elite sport: You snus you lose, European Journal of Sport Science, DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2020.1859621. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0913 Mechanical Engineering, 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QP Physiology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 11:08
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2022 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/17461391.2020.1859621
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14151
View Item View Item