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Factors Affecting Adoption of Emergency Evacuation Strategies in High-Rise Office Buildings

Akashah, FW, Baaki, TK, Anuar, MF, Azmi, NF and Yahya, Z (2020) Factors Affecting Adoption of Emergency Evacuation Strategies in High-Rise Office Buildings. Journal of Design and Built Environment, 20 (3). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1823-4208

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Abstract

This study examined the evacuation strategies employed in high-rise buildings as well as determined factors influencing decision making in employing evacuation strategies in four selected high-rise buildings in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Through a case study evaluation involving interviews with facility/building managers, walk through observations of the case studies and analyses of evacuation exercise reports, the study found that total evacuation was the most practiced evacuation strategy with occasional phased evacuation at one of the case studies. The study identified reliable emergency response, building characteristics/fire safety features, and evacuation exercise as the most important factors influencing decision making in employing evacuation strategies. Occupant characteristics was found to be the least important factor. The argument is that, efficient emergency response, passive and active fire safety systems, and evacuation exercise routines mean that challenges posed by the characteristics of occupants could be overcome. This paper gives new insights on factors influencing decision making in employing suitable evacuation strategies. This would benefit stakeholders e.g. building owners, facility managers, health and safety managers when drafting business continuity plans.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: University of Malaya
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2021 11:22
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2021 11:30
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14214

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