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Endothelial dysfunction and vascular maladaptation in atrial fibrillation.

Qin, S, Boidin, M, Buckley, BJ, Lip, GYH and Thijssen, DHJ (2021) Endothelial dysfunction and vascular maladaptation in atrial fibrillation. European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 51 (5). ISSN 0014-2972

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and is associated with worsened morbidity and mortality. The prevalence of AF is estimated to increase with an ageing population resulting in an ever-increasing burden on the healthcare system. Despite improvements in AF treatment, several questions remain unanswered in relation to the development and progression of AF. In this review, we discuss the evidence supporting the presence of vascular dysfunction in the development of AF, but also as a final common pathway explaining why AF constitutes a markedly increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Specifically, we summarise the work performed in humans related to the impact of AF on vascular structure and function, and whether measures of vascular function predict AF progression and the development of cardiovascular events. Subsequently, we discuss the potential mechanisms linking AF to the development of vascular dysfunction. Finally, we propose future perspectives of vascular health and AF, advocating a strong focus on regular exercise training as a safe and effective strategy to improve vascular function and, hence, reduce the risk for development and progression of AF and its associated risk for cardiovascular events.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2021 13:28
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1111/eci.13477
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14285
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