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Time is of the essence: Exploring temporal and spatial organisation in episodic memory

Clark, DPA and Bruno, D Time is of the essence: Exploring temporal and spatial organisation in episodic memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. ISSN 1747-0218 (Accepted)

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There is disagreement in the literature as to whether episodic memory maintains an inherent temporal organisation, that is, whether learned items are necessarily organised along some temporal dimension or whether temporal organisation is a task-specific occurrence. The current series of experiments explored this issue. In Experiment 1, we tested whether temporal or spatial contiguity was present in an incidental encoding task where either strategy (but not both together) could be employed at test. In Experiment 2, we attempted to facilitate the use of a spatial retrieval strategy at test by asking participants to recall the location where target items had been displayed at study, after incidental encoding. Experiment 3 explored the role of study-test congruency by informing participants at encoding that they would be tested on either their memory for the temporal sequence or spatial locations, and then testing both at retrieval. Finally, Experiment 4 employed a masking task at encoding to ensure participants could not predict the true nature of the task, despite it being incidental, and a surprise free recall task. Predominantly, participants displayed recall performance consistent with temporal contiguity, although there was evidence for spatial contiguity under certain conditions. These results are consistent with the notion that episodic memory has a stable and predictable temporal organisation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted for publication in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (new Sep 2019)
Publisher: Sage
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 09:17
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 09:17
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14290

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