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“A slippery slope”: a scoping review of the self- injection of unlicensed oils and fillers as body enhancement.

Brennan, R, Marie, O, Van Hout, MC and James, M (2021) “A slippery slope”: a scoping review of the self- injection of unlicensed oils and fillers as body enhancement. Performance Enhancement and Health. ISSN 2211-2669

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Abstract

Self-injection of a range of oils and fillers for body enhancement dates back to 1899, but due to significant associated harms and fatalities this practice has been largely linked to distinct cultural groups in recent times. This scoping review gathers what is currently known on the self injection of body fillers for aesthetic purposes, using Arksey and O’Malley’s (2005) five stage iterative process scoping review methodology. Thematic manual coding then organised the data into themes through identified patterns: indicative profiling of individuals who self inject body fillers; motivation for use across types of oil injection; sourcing routes and documented harms. It was found that the majority of people who inject body fillers are male and do so to grossly increase muscle size. Injection of oils and other materials in the male genitalia was also described, in addition to female self-injection in the breast, hand and leg areas for augmentation. A range of health consequences were reviewed. Recommendations are made for further research into this unique phenomenon, which although is relatively rare warrant future research attention considering the documented increase in DIY facial fillers and contemporary body image culture.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 1117 Public Health and Health Services, 1701 Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2021 10:07
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2021 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.peh.2020.100185
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14306

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