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Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality

Negen, J, Heywood-Everett, E, Roome, HE and Nardini, M (2017) Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality. Developmental Science, 21 (1). ISSN 1363-755X

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Abstract

Using landmarks and other scene features to recall locations from new viewpoints is a critical skill in spatial cognition. In an immersive virtual reality task, we asked children 3.5–4.5 years old to remember the location of a target using various cues. On some trials they could use information from their own self‐motion. On some trials they could use a view match. In the very hardest kind of trial, they were ‘teleported’ to a new viewpoint and could only use an allocentric spatial representation. This approach provides a strict test for allocentric coding (without either a matching viewpoint or self‐motion information) while avoiding additional task demands in previous studies (it does not require them to deal with a small table‐top environment or to manage stronger cue conflicts). Both the younger and older groups were able to point back at the target location better than chance when they could use view matching and/or self‐motion, but allocentric recall was only seen in the older group (4.0–4.5). In addition, we only obtained evidence for a specific kind of allocentric recall in the older group: they tracked one major axis of the space significantly above chance, r(158) = .28, but not the other, r(158) = −.01. We conclude that there is a major qualitative change in coding for spatial recall around the fourth birthday, potentially followed by further development towards fully flexible recall from new viewpoints.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Negen, J, Heywood‐Everett, E, Roome, HE, Nardini, M. Development of allocentric spatial recall from new viewpoints in virtual reality. Dev Sci. 2018; 21:e12496. https://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12496, which has been published in final form at https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/desc.12496. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Sciences, 2004 Linguistics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (new Sep 2019)
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2021 11:57
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2021 12:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1111/desc.12496
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14420

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