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Evaluation of polymer choice on immunogenicity of chitosan coated PLGA NPs with surface-adsorbed pneumococcal protein antigen PspA4Pro

Kaneko, K, Miyaji, EN, Gonçalves, VM, Ferreira, DM, Solórzano, C, MacLoughlin, R and Saleem, IY (2021) Evaluation of polymer choice on immunogenicity of chitosan coated PLGA NPs with surface-adsorbed pneumococcal protein antigen PspA4Pro. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 599. ISSN 0378-5173

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Abstract

Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) are recognized as potential delivery vehicles for vaccines. PLGA is a biocompatible polymer synonymous with polymeric NPs, which can be coated with other polymers such as chitosan that has intrinsic adjuvant properties as well as mucoadhesive properties. Numerous modifications and variations exist for PLGA and chitosan, which can influence the NP characteristics and the resulting immunogenicity. The current study investigated variations for making chitosan coated PLGA NPs incorporating recombinant pneumococcal surface protein A from family 2, clade 4 (PspA4Pro) antigen as a vaccine targeting the vast majority of pneumococcal strains and determine the effect of the polymers on particle size, surface charge, and surface marker upregulation on a dendritic cell (DC) line in vitro. PLGA variations tested with the ester-terminal group had the greatest detriment for prospective vaccine use, due to the lowest PspA4Pro adsorption and induction of CD40 and CD86 cell surface markers on DCs. The negatively charged chitosans exhibited the lowest surface marker expressions, similar to the uncoated NP, supporting the commonly accepted notion that positive surface charge augments immunogenic effects of the NPs. However, the study indicated that NPs made from PLGA with an acid terminated group, and chitosan HCl salt, exhibit particle characteristics, antigen adsorption efficiency and immunogenicity, which could be most suitable as a vaccine formulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2021 13:59
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2021 14:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2021.120407
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14615

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