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Polygenic Profile of Elite Strength Athletes

Moreland, E, Borisov, OV, Semenova, EA, Larin, AK, Andryushchenko, ON, Andryushchenko, LB, Generozov, EV, Williams, AG and Ahmetov, II (2020) Polygenic Profile of Elite Strength Athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. ISSN 1064-8011

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Strength is a heritable trait with unknown polygenic nature. So far, more than 200 DNA polymorphisms associated with strength/power phenotypes have been identified majorly involving non-athletic populations. The aim of the present study was to investigate individually and in combination the association of 217 DNA polymorphisms previously identified as markers for strength/power phenotypes with elite strength athlete status. A case-control study involved 83 Russian professional strength athletes (53 weightlifters, 30 powerlifters), 209 Russian and 503 European controls. Genotyping was conducted using micro-array analysis. Twenty-eight DNA polymorphisms (located near or in ABHD17C, ACTG1, ADCY3, ADPGK, ANGPT2, ARPP21, BCDIN3D, CRTAC1, DHODH, GBE1, IGF1, IL6, ITPR1, KIF1B, LRPPRC, MMS22L, MTHFR, NPIPB6, PHACTR1, PLEKHB1, PPARG, PPARGC1A, R3HDM1, RASGRF1, RMC1, SLC39A8, TFAP2D, ZKSCAN5 genes) were identified to have an association with strength athlete status. Next, to assess the combined impact of all 28 DNA polymorphisms, all athletes were classified according to the number of ‘strength’ alleles they possessed. All highly elite strength athletes were carriers of at least 22 (up to 34) ‘strength’ alleles, while 27.8% of Russian controls had less than 22 ‘strength’ alleles (P<0.0001). The proportion of subjects with a high (≥26) number of ‘strength’ alleles was significantly greater in highly elite strength athletes (84.8%) compared to less successful strength athletes (64.9%; OR=3.0, P=0.042), Russian (26.3%; OR=15.6, P<0.0001) or European (37.8%; OR=6.4, P<0.0001) controls. This is the first study to demonstrate that the likelihood of becoming an elite strength athlete depends on the carriage of a high number of strength-related alleles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 1116 Medical Physiology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2021 09:38
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2021 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1519/jsc.0000000000003901
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14697
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