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Exploring pharmacists' views surrounding conscientious objection to abortion and implications in practice.

Maxwell, C, McKendrick, J, Hanlon, C, Penson, P and Fleming, V (2021) Exploring pharmacists' views surrounding conscientious objection to abortion and implications in practice. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. ISSN 2042-7174

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: General Pharmaceutical Council standards (UK) state 'pharmacy professionals have the right to practise in line with their religion, personal values or beliefs as long as they …make sure that person-centred care is not compromised', indicating a potential conflict for pharmacists who wish to exercise their right to conscientious objection (CO) to abortion while maintaining a duty of care to their patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore pharmacists' views of conscientious objection to abortion and whether this included the supply of EC and the impact on practice. METHOD: Eighteen UK pharmacists were interviewed using semistructured interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, imported into NVivo11 and analysed using thematic analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Five themes were identified: beliefs as to what constitutes abortion, influences on beliefs, conflicts of conscience, accommodating conscience and professional obligations. Views were polarised in relation to the role of emergency contraception (EC) as an abortifacient. Religion was often viewed as the reason underpinning CO to abortion. Conflicts in relation to CO to abortion included the role of referral and EC and employability for objectors. Some pharmacists viewed their role of providing patient choice as incompatible with the right of CO to abortion. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the conflicts and challenges surrounding CO to abortion in professional pharmacy practice. While the majority of pharmacists believe CO to abortion should and could be accommodated, this can prove challenging in certain working environments, both in relation to ensuring a duty of care to patients is upheld and due to the ongoing debate concerning EC and whether it has a definitive role in abortion or not.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Nursing & Allied Health
Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2021 10:13
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2021 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/ijpp/riab009
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14868

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