Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Archaeological excavation report, E3461 Danesfort 8, County Kilkenny.

Jennings, RP and Coughlan, T (2012) Archaeological excavation report, E3461 Danesfort 8, County Kilkenny. National Monument Service. Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin..

[img]
Preview
Text
s465jz679.pdf - Published Version

Download (17MB) | Preview

Abstract

Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd (IAC), funded by the National Roads Authority (NRA) through Kilkenny County Council, undertook an excavation at the site of AR085, Danesfort 8 along the proposed N9/N10 Kilcullen to Waterford Scheme, Phase 4 – Knocktopher to Powerstown (Figure 1). The following report describes the results of archaeological excavation at that site. The area was fully excavated by Richard Jennings under Ministerial Direction A032 and Excavation Registration Number E3461 issued by the DOEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland for IAC. The fieldwork took place between the 5 and 28 June 2007. The excavation identified a pit and an adjacent posthole which both contained Beaker pottery. The pit was dated to the early Bronze Age through radiocarbon dating, which is contemporary with the pottery found. A nearby pit, that is possibly contemporary, contained some lithics including a possible pot-lid (Sternke, Appendix 2.1). A series of shallow linear ditches appeared to represent the remains of an earlier field system. While one of the ditch fills has been dated to the early Bronze Age, and another produced a single sherd of Beaker pottery, it is possible that this represents disturbance of additional Beaker pits and that the material is residual. However it must also be considered that the field system could be broadly contemporary with the Beaker pits. Gaps between the field system ditches may represent entrances and a number of postholes and stakeholes in the vicinity of one of these possible entrances may be the remains of a fence or a gate. Post medieval boundary ditches and drains were also recorded. The site produced 46 pottery sherds (plus 55 fragments) representing at least 11 final Neolithic/ early Bronze Age Beakers. It is a very important extension to our understanding of this pottery type in Ireland. The bulk of the assemblage came from the fill of a single pit. There are three decorated vessels. Vessel 1 has the most common form of Beaker ornament consisting of bands of horizontal lines separated by blank zones. The more elaborate ornament on Vessel 2 also consists of bands of horizontal lines separated by blank zones but the decorative bands define rows of oval impressions and have hanging fringes of oblique thumbnail impressions. The precise decoration on this pot is unusual but a close parallel is provided by a pot or pots from concentration D at Knowth, Co. Meath. A total of two samples were sent for AMS radiocarbon dating. A sample of charred hazelnut shell from the pit fill C45 was radiocarbon dated. The 2 sigma calibrated result was 2457–2205BC (UBA 11001). A sample of charred hazelnut shell from the ditch fill C46 was also radiocarbon dated. The 2 sigma calibrated result was 2476– 2286BC (UBA 15558). Danesfort 8 comprised a pit with Beaker pottery, which dates to the late Neolithic/early Bronze Age transition. Sites with Beaker pottery often consist of isolated pits with no discernable pattern or associated structures. Of additional interest at Danesfort 8 is the presence of a possibly contemporary field system, although there is some uncertainty about the validity of the dated evidence and the possibility of it being residual from further disturbed pits. Danesfort is a very important extension to our understanding of this pottery type in Ireland and is the first evidence of this pottery type in the wider area in conjunction with the evidence from Paulstown 2 (E3632) and AR053-54 Baysrath 1, both excavated along the route of the N9/N10.

Item Type: Other
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: National Monument Service. Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin.
Date Deposited: 20 May 2021 11:27
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2021 23:16
DOI or Identification number: 10.7486/DRI.s178j283m
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14926

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item