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Core-collapse, superluminous, and gamma-ray burst supernova host galaxy populations at low redshift: the importance of dwarf and starbursting galaxies

Taggart, K and Perley, DA (2021) Core-collapse, superluminous, and gamma-ray burst supernova host galaxy populations at low redshift: the importance of dwarf and starbursting galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (3). pp. 3931-3952. ISSN 0035-8711

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Abstract

We present a comprehensive study of an unbiased sample of 150 nearby (<z> = 0.014) core-collapse supernova (CCSN) host galaxies drawn from the All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN) for direct comparison to the nearest LGRB and SLSN hosts. We use public imaging surveys to gather multi-wavelength photometry for all CCSN host galaxies and fit their spectral energy distributions (SEDs) to derive stellar masses and integrated star formation rates. CCSNe populate galaxies across a wide range of stellar masses, from blue and compact dwarf galaxies to large spiral galaxies. We find 33(+4,-4) per cent of CCSNe are in dwarf galaxies (M < 10^9 M_Sun) and 2(+2,-1) per cent are in dwarf starburst galaxies (sSFR > 10^-8 yr^-1). We reanalyse low-redshift SLSN and LGRB hosts from the literature (out to $z<0.3$) in a homogeneous way and compare against the CCSN host sample. The relative SLSN to CCSN supernova rate is increased in low-mass galaxies and at high specific star-formation rates. These parameters are strongly covariant and we cannot break the degeneracy between them with our current sample, although there is some evidence that both factors may play a role. Larger unbiased samples of CCSNe from projects such as ZTF and LSST will be needed to determine whether host-galaxy mass (a proxy for metallicity) or specific star-formation rate (a proxy for star-formation intensity and potential IMF variation) is more fundamental in driving the preference for SLSNe and LGRBs in unusual galaxy environments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2021 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 05 May 2021 11:39
Last Modified: 05 May 2021 11:45
DOI or Identification number: 10.1093/mnras/stab174
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/14945

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