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Classical Period Floodwater farming and quarrying at Jabal Hamra Arlbieg in the Jordanian desert: economic support for the Faynan Orefield

Friedman, H, Adams, R, Anderson, J, Byrne, P, Gilbertson, D, Grattan, J, Haylock, K, Holman, L, Hunt, CO and Toland, H Classical Period Floodwater farming and quarrying at Jabal Hamra Arlbieg in the Jordanian desert: economic support for the Faynan Orefield. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. ISSN 2352-409X (Accepted)

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Abstract

Recent research has shown that the Faynan Orefield was a scene of intensive metal production during the Classical Period, but the infrastructure supporting this activity is less well known. We present evidence for previously undetected floodwater-farming and quarrying at Jabal Hamra Arlbieg, which contributed to the economic life of the Faynan complex during Classical times. The site is located on an ancient route, south of the orefield. We describe the hydrological control features of the floodwater farm and a possible place of habitation. Pollen analysis suggests that olives and cereals were cultivated. Exposures of sediment sequences containing buried walls, and ceramics both within and upon these sediments, all indicate that the activity took place during Nabatean to Late Roman/Byzantine times. Two ancient quarried areas were distinguished from natural landforms by a combination of geomorphic properties and variations in the geochemistry of the Mn-Fe rich desert varnish on long-exposed and quarried rock surfaces. The site provided uncontaminated produce and building stone to the Faynan Orefield.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2101 Archaeology
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 24 May 2021 10:23
Last Modified: 24 May 2021 10:30
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15048

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