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Diagnosis of damaged tendons on a 10 MW multibody floating offshore wind turbine platform via a response-only Functional Model Based Method

Sakaris, C, Bashir, M, Yang, Y, Michailides, C, Wang, J, Li, C and Sakellariou, J Diagnosis of damaged tendons on a 10 MW multibody floating offshore wind turbine platform via a response-only Functional Model Based Method. Engineering Structures. ISSN 0141-0296 (Accepted)

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Abstract

The problem of damaged tendon diagnosis (damage detection, damaged tendon identification and damage precise quantification) in a new multibody offshore platform supporting a 10 MW Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (FOWT) is investigated for the first time in this study. Successful operation of the multibody FOWT depends on the integrity of its tendons connecting the upper and lower tanks of the platform. Thus, early diagnosis of the damaged tendons is of high importance and it is achieved through a vibration-based methodology. Damage detection is accomplished based on the detection of changes in the vibration response power spectral density, while damaged tendon identification and damage precise quantification are accomplished through the Functional Model Based Method (FMBM). The FMBM is appropriately formulated in this study to operate with only vibration response signals. The employed vibration responses under healthy and damaged states of the FOWT platform are obtained from a numerical model describing the platform’s dynamics. Each examined damage scenario corresponds to the reduced tendon’s stiffness at the connection point to the platform’s upper tank. Subtle damages corresponding to a stiffness reduction of [10-25] %, have minor effects on the platform’s dynamics due to the tendons’ high strength and damages corresponding to a stiffness reduction of [10-85] % have similar effects thus leading to a highly challenging diagnosis. The use of a single underwater accelerometer as well as a low and limited frequency bandwidth of surge acceleration signals, is explored. The results show that effective, reliable and very quick damaged tendon diagnosis can be achieved by a vibration-based methodology using the multibody FOWT platform’s dynamics under damaged tendons.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0905 Civil Engineering, 0912 Materials Engineering, 0915 Interdisciplinary Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 27 May 2021 09:12
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 05:24
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.112384
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15076

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