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Enskilment: an Ecological-Anthropological Worldview of Skill, Learning and Education in Sport.

Woods, CT, Rudd, JR, Gray, R and Davids, K (2021) Enskilment: an Ecological-Anthropological Worldview of Skill, Learning and Education in Sport. Sports Medicine Open, 7. ISSN 2199-1170

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The aim of this paper is to explore a different, more relational worldview of skill, learning and education in sport. To do this, we turn to the work of social anthropologist, Tim Ingold, leaning on the notion of enskilment, which proposes that learning is inseparable from doing and place. From this worldview, what is learned is not an established body of knowledge, transmitted into the mind of a passive recipient from an authorised being, but is a progressively deepening embodied-embedded attentiveness, where an individual learns to self-regulate by becoming more responsive to people and environmental features by 'looking, listening and feeling'. As we discuss, Ingold's perspectives on enskilment are rooted in the etymological connotations of education-ex-ducere, which roughly means 'to lead out'. In applying this notion to sport, we unpack three of its entangled components, taskscapes, guided attention, and wayfinding, detailing the implications of each for the growth of enskilled sports performers. To promote the translation of these ideas, in addition to encouraging their inquiry beyond the scope of what is discussed here, sporting examples are threaded throughout the paper.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecological dynamics; Ecological psychology; Knowledge; Self-regulation; Social anthropology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Springer
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2021 15:02
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 05:24
DOI or ID number: 10.1186/s40798-021-00326-6
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15091
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