Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

In Vitro Effects of Selective COX and LOX Inhibitors and Their Combinations with Antineoplastic Drugs in the Mouse Melanoma Cell Line B16F10

Da-Costa-Rocha, I and Prieto, JM (2021) In Vitro Effects of Selective COX and LOX Inhibitors and Their Combinations with Antineoplastic Drugs in the Mouse Melanoma Cell Line B16F10. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 22 (12). ISSN 1661-6596

[img]
Preview
Text
ijms-22-06498.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (6MB) | Preview

Abstract

The constitutive expression or overactivation of cyclooxygenase (COX) and lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes results in aberrant metabolism of arachidonic acid and poor prognosis in melanoma. Our aim is to compare the in vitro effects of selective COX-1 (acetylsalicylic acid), COX-2 (meloxicam), 5-LOX (MK-886 and AA-861), 12-LOX (baicalein) and 15-LOX (PD-146176) inhibition in terms of proliferation (SRB assay), mitochondrial viability (MTT assay), caspase 3-7 activity (chemiluminescent assay), 2D antimigratory (scratch assay) and synthesis of eicosanoids (EIA) in the B16F10 cell line (single treatments). We also explore their combinatorial pharmacological space with dacarbazine and temozolomide (median effect method). Overall, our results with single treatments show a superior cytotoxic efficacy of selective LOX inhibitors over selective COX inhibitors against B16F10 cells. PD-146176 caused the strongest antiproliferation effect which was accompanied by cell cycle arrest in G1 phase and an >50-fold increase in caspases 3/7 activity. When the selected inhibitors are combined with the antineoplastic drugs, only meloxicam provides clear synergy, with LOX inhibitors mostly antagonizing. These apparent contradictions between single and combination treatments, together with some paradoxical effects observed in the biosynthesis of eicosanoids after FLAP inhibition in short term incubations, warrant further mechanistical in vitro and in vivo scrutiny.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Embargo requested: Not known
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0399 Other Chemical Sciences, 0604 Genetics, 0699 Other Biological Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2021 09:24
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 09:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/ijms22126498
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15163

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item