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A comparison of heat acclimation by post-exercise hot water immersion and exercise in the heat.

McIntyre, RD, Zurawlew, MJ, Oliver, SJ, Cox, AT, Mee, JA and Walsh, NP (2021) A comparison of heat acclimation by post-exercise hot water immersion and exercise in the heat. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. ISSN 1878-1861

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To compare heat acclimation adaptations after three and six days of either post-exercise hot water immersion (HWI) or exercise-heat-acclimation (EHA) in recreationally active individuals. DESIGN: Randomised, mixed model, repeated measures. METHODS: Post-exercise HWI involved a daily 40-min treadmill-run at 65% V̇O2peak in temperate conditions (19 °C, 45% RH) followed by HWI (≤40 min, 40 °C water; n = 9). Daily EHA involved a ≤60-min treadmill-run in the heat (65% V̇O2peak; 33 °C, 40% RH; n = 9), chosen to elicit a similar endogenous thermal stimulus to HWI. A thermoneutral exercise intervention (TNE, 19 °C, 45% RH; n = 9), work-matched to EHA, was also included to determine thermoregulatory adaptations to daily exercise in temperate conditions. An exercise-heat-stress-test was performed before and after three and six intervention days and involved a 40-min treadmill-run and time-to-exhaustion (TTE) at 65% V̇O2peak in the heat (33 °C, 40% RH). RESULTS: ANCOVA, using baseline values as the covariate, revealed no interaction effects but significant group effects demonstrated that compared to EHA, HWI elicited larger reductions in resting rectal temperature (Tre; p = 0.021), Tre at sweating onset (p = 0.011), and end-exercise Tre during exercise-heat-stress (-0.47 °C; p = 0.042). Despite a similar endogenous thermal stimulus to HWI, EHA elicited a modest reduction in end-exercise Tre (-0.26 °C), which was not different from TNE (-0.25 °C, p = 1.000). There were no main effects or interaction effects for end-exercise Tsk, heart rate, physiological strain index, RPE, thermal sensation, plasma volume, or TTE (all p ≥ 0.154). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with conventional short-term exercise heat acclimation, short-term post-exercise hot water immersion elicited larger thermal adaptations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 1116 Medical Physiology, 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier
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Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2021 10:10
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2021 10:15
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.jsams.2021.05.008
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15170

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