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An Adaptive Cue Selection Model of Allocentric Spatial Reorientation

Negen, J, Bird, L-A and Nardini, M An Adaptive Cue Selection Model of Allocentric Spatial Reorientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. ISSN 0096-1523 (Accepted)

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Abstract

After becoming disoriented, an organism must use the local environment to reorient and recover vectors to important locations. A new theory, Adaptive Combination, suggests that the information from different spatial cues are combined with Bayesian efficiency during reorientation. To test this further, we modified the standard reorientation paradigm to be more amenable to Bayesian cue combination analyses while still requiring reorientation in an allocentric (world-based; not egocentric) frame. 12 adults and 20 children at 5-7 years old were asked to recall locations in a virtual environment after a disorientation. Results were not consistent with Adaptive Combination. Instead, they are consistent with the use of the most useful (nearest) single landmark in isolation. We term this Adaptive Selection. Experiment 2 suggests that adults also use the Adaptive Selection method when they are not disoriented but still required to use a local allocentric frame. This suggests that the process of recalling a location in the allocentric frame is typically guided by the single most useful landmark, rather than a Bayesian combination of landmarks. These results illustrate that there can be important limits to Bayesian theories of the cognition, particularly for complex tasks such as allocentric recall.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ©American Psychological Association, 2021. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1701 Psychology, 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: Psychology (new Sep 2019)
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2021 11:42
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2021 11:42
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15174

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