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Foundational Movement Skills and Play Behaviors during Recess among Preschool Children: A Compositional Analysis

Foweather, L, Crotti, M, Foulkes, JD, O’Dwyer, MV, Utesch, T, Knowles, ZR, Fairclough, SJ, Ridgers, ND and Stratton, G (2021) Foundational Movement Skills and Play Behaviors during Recess among Preschool Children: A Compositional Analysis. Children, 8 (7). ISSN 2227-9067

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/children8070543 (Published version)

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the associations between play behaviors during preschool recess and foundational movement skills (FMS) in typically developing preschool children. One hundred and thirty-three children (55% male; mean age 4.7 ± 0.5 years) from twelve preschools were video-assessed for six locomotor and six object-control FMS using the Champs Motor Skill Protocol. A modified System for Observing Children’s Activity and Relationships during Play assessed play behaviors during preschool recess. Associations between the composition of recess play behaviors with FMS were analyzed using compositional data analysis and linear regression. Results: Relative to time spent in other types of play behaviors, time spent in play without equipment was positively associated with total and locomotor skills, while time spent in locomotion activities was negatively associated with total and locomotor skills. No associations were found between activity level and group size play behavior compositions and FMS. The findings suggest that activity type play behaviors during recess are associated with FMS. While active games without equipment appear beneficial, preschool children may need a richer playground environment, including varied fixed and portable equipment, to augment the play-based development of FMS

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2021 11:53
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2021 12:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.3390/children8070543
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15186

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