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Chalcones: Synthetic Chemistry Follows Where Nature Leads

Jasim, HA, Nahar, L, Jasim, MA, Moore, SA, Ritchie, KJ and Sarker, SD (2021) Chalcones: Synthetic Chemistry Follows Where Nature Leads. Biomolecules, 11 (8). ISSN 2218-273X

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Chalcones belong to the flavonoid class of phenolic compounds. They form one of the largest groups of bioactive natural products. The potential anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antiparasitic properties of naturally occurring chalcones, and their unique chemical structural features inspired the synthesis of numerous chalcone derivatives. In fact, structural features of chalcones are easy to construct from simple aromatic compounds, and it is convenient to perform structural modifications to generate functionalized chalcone derivatives. Many of these synthetic analogs were shown to possess similar bioactivities as their natural counterparts, but often with an enhanced potency and reduced toxicity. This review article aims to demonstrate how bioinspired synthesis of chalcone derivatives can potentially introduce a new chemical space for exploitation for new drug discovery, justifying the title of this article. However, the focus remains on critical appraisal of synthesized chalcones and their derivatives for their bioactivities, linking to their interactions at the biomolecular level where appropriate, and revealing their possible mechanisms of action.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2021 10:46
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 05:09
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/biom11081203
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15368
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