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Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in savanna landscapes.

Lindshield, S, Hernandez-Aguilar, RA, Korstjens, AH, Marchant, LF, Narat, V, Ndiaye, PI, Ogawa, H, Piel, AK, Pruetz, JD, Stewart, FA, van Leeuwen, KL, Wessling, EG and Yoshikawa, M (2021) Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in savanna landscapes. Evolutionary Anthropology. ISSN 1060-1538

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Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are the only great apes that inhabit hot, dry, and open savannas. We review the environmental pressures of savannas on chimpanzees, such as food and water scarcity, and the evidence for chimpanzees' behavioral responses to these landscapes. In our analysis, savannas were generally associated with low chimpanzee population densities and large home ranges. In addition, thermoregulatory behaviors that likely reduce hyperthermia risk, such as cave use, were frequently observed in the hottest and driest savanna landscapes. We hypothesize that such responses are evidence of a "savanna landscape effect" in chimpanzees and offer pathways for future research to understand its evolutionary processes and mechanisms. We conclude by discussing the significance of research on savanna chimpanzees to modeling the evolution of early hominin traits and informing conservation programs for these endangered apes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0603 Evolutionary Biology, 1601 Anthropology, 2101 Archaeology, 1607 Social Work
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Wiley
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 08:37
Last Modified: 04 Oct 2021 08:45
DOI or ID number: 10.1002/evan.21924
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15593
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