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Flow control for high-solidity vertical axis wind turbine based on adaptive flap

Hao, W, Bashir, M, Li, C and Sun, C (2021) Flow control for high-solidity vertical axis wind turbine based on adaptive flap. Energy Conversion and Management, 249. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract

Adaptive flap as a new flow control technique with adaptability to the changing flow separation has recently attracted much attention. This study uses the adaptive flap to mitigate the flow separation of a vertical axis wind turbine with a high solidity of 0.75 and investigate its performance and flow control mechanism by considering different flap lengths and locations. The fluid flow is simulated using computational fluid dynamics with the shear-stress transport k-ω model, and the flap motion is calculated based on the fluid–solid interaction methodology. The results show that the flap can be adaptively raised by the backflow caused by flow separation and used to block the backflow. The blocking of the backflow alleviates the flow separation problem and increases the blades’ aerodynamic torque. However, the long flap causes a negative effect due to its inability to retract timely when the flow tends to the attached state at high tip speed ratio scenario. It is observed that the short flap can avoid this problem when it is located far from the blade leading edge. Also, the short flap located closer to the blade leading edge performs better at low tip speed ratios, even though the performance is observed to be weakened by the trailing edge vortices suppressing the flap from deployment. This study provides a technical approach and theoretical basis for better alleviating the flow separation problems in vertical axis wind turbine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
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Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2021 10:00
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2021 10:00
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.enconman.2021.114845
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15654

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