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The malacopathogenic nematode Phasmarhabditis californica does not affect the survival of earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia fetida) or insects (Galleria mellonella and Tenebrio molitor)

Cutler, J and Rae, R The malacopathogenic nematode Phasmarhabditis californica does not affect the survival of earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia fetida) or insects (Galleria mellonella and Tenebrio molitor). Biocontrol Science and Technology. ISSN 0958-3157 (Accepted)

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The malacopathogenic nematode Phasmarhabditis californica does not affect the survival of earthworms Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia fetida or insects Galleria mellonella and Tenebrio molitor.pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodita is a parasitic nematode of terrestrial gastropods that has been formulated into a successful biological control agent used on farms and gardens across Europe. There are reports of members of the Phasmarhabditis genus affecting the survival of non-target organisms under lab conditions e.g. earthworms. Therefore, we exposed two species of earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia hortensis) and insect (Galleria mellonella and Tenebrio molitor) to a range of doses of P. californica (0, 30 and 150 nematodes per cm2). P. californica did not affect earthworm or insect survival emphasising these nematodes are gastropod parasites that pose no risk to earthworms or insects (based on laboratory trials).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0501 Ecological Applications, 0502 Environmental Science and Management, 1001 Agricultural Biotechnology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (new Sep 19)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2021 11:23
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2021 11:30
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15885

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