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An assessment of causes and failure likelihood of cross-country pipelines under uncertainty using bayesian networks

Hassan, S, Wang, J, Kontovas, CA and Bashir, M (2021) An assessment of causes and failure likelihood of cross-country pipelines under uncertainty using bayesian networks. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 218. ISSN 0951-8320

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Abstract

The increased incidents of pipeline failures and resultant consequences of fires, explosions and environmental pollution motivate stakeholders to find solutions in dealing with these emerging threats as part of process safety management. This is further compounded by the absence of reliable failure data, particularly in developing countries. To address such challenges, a Bayesian Network (BN) model has been developed. The aim of the model is to highlight the contributing failure factors to the identified pipeline hazards and their interrelationships. The BN approach is appropriate for this work because it accommodates data uncertainty, or the lack of data, and can integrate the expert's knowledge. The model is especially good at updating the results whenever new data becomes available. The proposed model has been applied to a case study focusing on estimating the failure probabilities of Nigeria's cross-country oil pipeline system - 2B as part of the pipeline risk assessment. The model takes into account multiple interactions between several failure parameters to reduce the risk of pipeline failure. Such parameters include human factors (e.g., third party intervention and operation damage), mechanical factors (e.g., corrosion and material defect) and natural hazards. The main focus of the research is the construction of a model that shows the influence of the multiple parameters and their interactions resulting in a pipeline leak or rupture. The model enables the pipeline stakeholders and operators to determine those parameters or interventions that have the most impact on the reduction in pipeline loss of containment as part of the risk management. The novelty of this work is the integration of both the objective and subjective data, and the explicit accommodation and treatment of the sparse and incomplete local data into the failure likelihood analysis. The model, therefore, provides the managers with dynamic information on how to prevent undesired outcomes as part of a safety management plan. The model analyses pipeline failure risks under uncertainty. However, it can also be used to focus on a sub-threat arising from the third-party activities, for example, in order to gain a wider understanding and to identify an effective combination of risk reduction and intervention factors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 01 Mathematical Sciences, 09 Engineering, 15 Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2021 11:22
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2021 11:30
DOI or Identification number: 10.1016/j.ress.2021.108171
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/15936

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