Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Gravitational redshifting of galaxies in the SPIDERS cluster catalogue

Mpetha, CT, Collins, CA, Clerc, N, Finoguenov, A, Peacock, JA, Comparat, J, Schneider, D, Capasso, R, Damsted, S, Furnell, K, Merloni, A, Padilla, ND and Saro, A (2021) Gravitational redshifting of galaxies in the SPIDERS cluster catalogue. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 503 (1). pp. 669-678. ISSN 0035-8711

Gravitational redshifting of galaxies in the SPIDERS cluster catalogue.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


Data from the SPectroscopic IDentification of ERosita Sources (SPIDERS) are searched for a detection of the gravitational redshifting of light from ∼20,000 galaxies in ∼2500 galaxy clusters using three definitions of the cluster centre: its Brightest Cluster Galaxy (BCG), the redMaPPer identified Central Galaxy (CG), or the peak of X-ray emission. Distributions of velocity offsets between galaxies and their host cluster's centre, found using observed redshifts, are created. The quantity Delta, the average of the radial velocity difference between the cluster members and the cluster systemic velocity, reveals information on the size of a combination of effects on the observed redshift, dominated by gravitational redshifting. The change of Δ with radial distance is predicted for SPIDERS galaxies in General Relativity (GR), and f(R) gravity, and compared to the observations. The values of Δ =-13.5\pm 4.7 km s-1, Δ=-12.5pm 5.1 km s-1, and Δ =-18.6\pm 4.8 km s-1 for the BCG, X-ray, and CG cases, respectively, broadly agree with the literature. There is no significant preference of one gravity theory over another, but all cases give a clear detection (>2.5σ) of Δ. The BCG centroid is deemed to be the most robust method in this analysis, due to no well-defined central redshift when using an X-ray centroid, and CGs identified by redMaPPer with no associated spectroscopic redshift. For future gravitational redshift studies, an order-of-magnitude more galaxies, ∼500,000, will be required-a possible feat with the forthcoming Vera C. Rubin Observatory, Euclid and eROSITA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2021 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2022 12:30
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 12:30
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stab544
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16315
View Item View Item