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Evaluation of the Pharmaceutical Properties and Value of Astragali Radix.

Gong, AGW, Duan, R, Wang, HY, Kong, XP, Dong, TTX, Tsim, KWK and Chan, K (2018) Evaluation of the Pharmaceutical Properties and Value of Astragali Radix. Medicines, 5 (2). ISSN 2305-6320

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Astragali Radix (AR), a Chinese materia medica (CMM) known as Huangqi, is an important medicine prescribed in herbal composite formulae (Fufang) by Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners for thousands of years. According to the literature, AR is suggested for patients suffering from “Qi”- and “Blood”-deficiencies, and its clinical effects are reported to be related to anti-cancer cell proliferation, anti-oxidation, relief of complications in cardiovascular diseases, etc. The underlying cell signaling pathways involved in the regulation of these various diseases are presented here to support the mechanisms of action of AR. There are two botanical sources recorded in China Pharmacopoeia (CP, 2015): Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. Var. mongohlicus, (Bge.) Hsiao, and Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. (Fam. Leguminosae), whose extracts of dried roots are processed via homogenization-assisted negative pressure cavitation extraction. Geographic factors and extraction methods have impacts on the pharmaceutical and chemical profiles of AR. Therefore, the levels of the major bioactive constituents of AR, including polysaccharides, saponins, and flavonoids, may not be consistent in different batches of extract, and the pharmaceutical efficacy of these bioactive ingredients may vary depending on the source. Therefore, the present review mainly focuses on the consistency of the available sources of AR and extracts and on the investigation of the biological functions and mechanisms of action of AR and of its major bioactive constituents. Furthermore, it will also include a discussion of the most popular AR composite formulae to further elucidate their chemical and biological profiles and understand the pharmaceutical value of AR.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Astragali Radix; pharmaceutical values; traditional Chinese medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: MDPI
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2022 13:01
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 13:01
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/medicines5020046
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16366
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