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Concussion-associated gene variant COMT rs4680 is associated with elite rugby athlete status

Antrobus, MR, Brazier, J, Callus, P, Herbert, AJ, Stebbings, GK, Day, SH, Kilduff, LP, Bennett, MA, Erskine, RM, Raleigh, SM, Collins, M, Pitsiladis, YP, Heffernan, SM and Williams, AG (2022) Concussion-associated gene variant COMT rs4680 is associated with elite rugby athlete status. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. ISSN 1050-642X

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Objective: Concussions are common match injuries in elite rugby and reports exist of reduced cognitive function and long-term health consequences that can interrupt or end a playing career and produce continued ill health. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between elite rugby status and eight concussion-associated risk polymorphisms. We hypothesized that concussion-associated risk genotypes and alleles would be underrepresented in elite rugby athletes compared to non-athletes. Design: A case-control genetic association study. Setting: Institutional (university). Participants: Elite Caucasian male rugby athletes (n = 668, mean (standard deviation) height 1.85 (0.07) m, mass 102 (12) kg, age 29 (7) yr) and 1015 non-athlete Caucasian men and women (48% men). Interventions: Genotype was the independent variable, obtained via PCR of genomic DNA using TaqMan probes. Main Outcome Measure: Elite athlete status, with groups compared using χ2 and odds ratio. Results: The COMT rs4680 Met/Met (AA) genotype, Met allele possession and Met allele frequency were lower in rugby athletes (24.8%, 74.6% and 49.7%, respectively) than non-athletes (30.2%, 77.6%, and 54.0%; P < 0.05). The Val/Val (GG) genotype was more common in elite rugby athletes than non-athletes (odds ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval 1.04-1.86). No other polymorphism was associated with elite athlete status. Conclusions: Elite rugby athlete status is associated with COMT rs4680 genotype that, acting pleiotropically, could affect stress resilience and behavioral traits during competition, concussion risk and/or recovery from concussion. Consequently, assessing COMT rs4680 genotype might aid future individualized management of concussion risk amongst athletes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the AAM the VOR can be found - Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine - 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001030
Uncontrolled Keywords: 1103 Clinical Sciences, 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 1116 Medical Physiology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2022 11:11
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2023 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1097/JSM.0000000000001030
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16410
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