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Concrete-filled and bare 6082-T6 aluminium alloy tubes under in-plane bending: Experiments, finite element analysis and design recommendations

Ali, SB, Kamaris, GS, Gkantou, M and Kansara, KD (2022) Concrete-filled and bare 6082-T6 aluminium alloy tubes under in-plane bending: Experiments, finite element analysis and design recommendations. Thin-Walled Structures, 172. ISSN 0263-8231

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The application of aluminium alloys in structural engineering is growing owing to their high strength-to-weight ratio, aesthetic appearance and excellent resistance to corrosion. However, the low modulus of elasticity of aluminium poses adverse effects on the flexural response of structural members made of aluminium alloys. In case of tubular members, the performance can be improved with the addition of concrete infill. Research on the flexural response of concrete-filled aluminium alloy tubes is still minimal. This study presents experimental and numerical investigations on the behaviour of concrete-filled and bare 6082-T6 aluminium alloy tubular members under in-plane bending. In total 20 beams, including 10 concrete-filled aluminium alloy tubular (CFAT) and 10 bare aluminium alloy tubular (BAT) specimens, were tested. The specimens comprised of square and rectangular hollow sections and were filled with 25 MPa nominal cylinder compressive strength concrete. The experimental results are reported in terms of failure mode, flexural strength, flexural stiffness, ductility and bending moment versus mid-span deflection curve. Compared to the BAT specimens, the counterpart CFAT specimens have shown remarkably improved flexural strength, stiffness and ductility due to the concrete infill and the improvement is more pronounced for the specimens with thinner sections. Finite element models of BAT and CFAT beams were developed by taking into account the nonlinearities in geometry and material and validated against the experimental data. A parametric study considering a broad range of cross-sections and different concrete grades was conducted based on the validated models. The FE results have shown that the flexural strength of the BAT and CFAT members increases with the increase of cross-sectional aspect ratio, wall thickness and concrete grade. The results obtained from experiments and numerical analysis for BAT members were used to assess the flexural capacity predictions and the applicability of the slenderness limits provided in the European standards. It was demonstrated that the slenderness limits provided by Eurocode 9 are conservative for Class A aluminium sections. Hence, revised Class 1, Class 2 and Class 3 limits are proposed which appear to be better applicable to Class A aluminium alloys. In the absence of design specifications for CFAT flexural members, the design rules for concrete-filled steel tubular flexural members provided by Eurocode 4 were adopted and the material properties of steel were replaced with those of aluminium alloy. It was shown that the proposed design methodology is suitable for the design of CFAT flexural members. Moreover, a slenderness limit for compact sections of CFAT flexural members is proposed based on Eurocode 4 framework.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0901 Aerospace Engineering, 0905 Civil Engineering, 0913 Mechanical Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: Elsevier
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2022 11:12
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2023 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.tws.2022.108907
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16462
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