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Preparing for low surface brightness science with the Vera C. Rubin Observatory: characterisation of tidal features from mock images

Martin, G, Bazkiaei, AE, Spavone, M, Iodice, E, Mihos, JC, Montes, M, Benavides, JA, Brough, S, Carlin, JL, Collins, CA, Duc, PA, Gómez, FA, Galaz, G, Hernández-Toledo, HM, Jackson, RA, Kaviraj, S, Knapen, JH, Martínez-Lombilla, C, McGee, S, O'Ryan, D , Prole, DJ, Rich, RM, Román, J, Shah, EA, Starkenburg, TK, Watkins, AE, Zaritsky, D, Laigle, C, Pichon, C, Armus, L, Bianconi, M, Buitrago, F, Busá, I, Davis, F, Demarco, R, Desmons, A, García, P, Graham, AW, Holwerda, B, Hon, DS-H, Khalid, A, Klehammer, J, Klutse, DY, Lazar, I, Nair, P, Noakes-Kettel, EA, Rutkowski, M, Saha, K, Sahu, N, Sola, E, Vázquez-Mata, JA, Vera-Casanova, A and Yoon, I Preparing for low surface brightness science with the Vera C. Rubin Observatory: characterisation of tidal features from mock images. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. ISSN 0035-8711 (Accepted)

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Abstract

Tidal features in the outskirts of galaxies yield unique information about their past interactions and are a key prediction of the hierarchical structure formation paradigm. The Vera C. Rubin Observatory is poised to deliver deep observations for potentially of millions of objects with visible tidal features, but the inference of galaxy interaction histories from such features is not straightforward. Utilising automated techniques and human visual classification in conjunction with realistic mock images produced using the NEWHORIZON cosmological simulation, we investigate the nature, frequency and visibility of tidal features and debris across a range of environments and stellar masses. In our simulated sample, around 80 per cent of the flux in the tidal features around Milky Way or greater mass galaxies is detected at the 10-year depth of the Legacy Survey of Space and Time (30-31 mag / sq. arcsec), falling to 60 per cent assuming a shallower final depth of 29.5 mag / sq. arcsec. The fraction of total flux found in tidal features increases towards higher masses, rising to 10 per cent for the most massive objects in our sample (M*~10^{11.5} Msun). When observed at sufficient depth, such objects frequently exhibit many distinct tidal features with complex shapes. The interpretation and characterisation of such features varies significantly with image depth and object orientation, introducing significant biases in their classification. Assuming the data reduction pipeline is properly optimised, we expect the Rubin Observatory to be capable of recovering much of the flux found in the outskirts of Milky Way mass galaxies, even at intermediate redshifts (z<0.2).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Uncontrolled Keywords: astro-ph.GA; astro-ph.GA
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2022 15:09
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2022 15:15
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16522

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