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Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices towards cardiovascular disease risk prevention and management in patients living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of qualitative literature

Bonghaseh, T, Bigland, C and Van Hout, MC Knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices towards cardiovascular disease risk prevention and management in patients living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of qualitative literature. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. ISSN 1520-5509 (Accepted)

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KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDES PERCEPTIONS AND PRACTICES TOWARDS CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT IN PATIENTS LIVING WITH HIV IN SUBSAHARAN AFRICA .pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are projected to bypass HIV as the most common cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by 2030. People living with HIV (PLHIV) are more likely to develop complications of cardiovascular disease. This poses a major developmental challenge. Methods: A scoping review of qualitative literature mapped what is known about cardiovascular disease awareness, prevention, and management from the perspectives of PLHIV in SSA. Six qualitative studies from Malawi, Kenya, and South Africa were charted and analysed thematically. Results: Patients were aware of cardiovascular diseases but had varied attitudes and practices towards prevention. Social support and fear of developing life-threatening complications motivated some PLHIV to change their health behaviours. Financial hardship, unavailability of medication, and hearsay prevented adherence to lifestyle measures and medical treatment. Conclusions: Targeted prevention initiatives are critical in response to the unique needs of PLHIV and improve overall health indices in the SSA region.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: Clarion University of Pennsylvania, Clarion, Pennsylvania
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 May 2022 14:18
Last Modified: 17 May 2022 14:18
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/16859

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