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Sport mega-event governance and human rights: The ‘Ruggie Principles’, responsibility, and directions

Byrne, S and Ludvigsen, JAL (2022) Sport mega-event governance and human rights: The ‘Ruggie Principles’, responsibility, and directions. Leisure Studies. ISSN 0261-4367

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/02614367.2022.2094998 (Published version)


In recent years, the discourses surrounding human rights and sport mega-events (SMEs) have grown immensely. These are often directed towards sport’s governing bodies responsible for the administration of these mega-events. Tapping into the growing scholarship, this article aims to advance the fields of sport, leisure and human rights. By reconsidering the commercial nature of sports’ governing bodies (focusing on IOC and FIFA), we argue that what is commonly referred to as the ‘Ruggie Principles’ both can and should be applied to FIFA and IOC’s practices and event-related operations. In this context, and by reflecting on the practical applications of human rights impact assessments in the context of sport governing bodies who are the awarding bodies of hosting rights, the paper argues that due diligence and human rights impact assessments should become an organisational mainstay of FIFA and IOC’s event-related operations. Whilst our normative argument can have implications for policy and practice, we also provide further directions for research in what remains a pivotal era of SMEs globally.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sport, Leisure & Tourism; 1504 Commercial Services; 1506 Tourism; 1608 Sociology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5001 Business
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV561 Sports
Divisions: Humanities & Social Science
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2022 14:24
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2022 11:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/02614367.2022.2094998
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17309
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