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Biometric sex assessment from the femur and tibia in a modern Greek population

Kiskira, C, Eliopoulos, C, Vanna, V and Manolis, SK (2022) Biometric sex assessment from the femur and tibia in a modern Greek population. Legal Medicine, 59. p. 102126. ISSN 1344-6223

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Forensic anthropologists assess sex by analysing quantitative and qualitative characters of the human skeleton. In general, the pelvis and skull are the skeletal regions used most often, but in many cases, they are missing or fragmentary. In such circumstances, where only limb bones are present, it is necessary to use techniques based on other skeletal elements. Metric traits of the long bones of the lower extremities have been reported as reliable indicators of sex. This study was designed to determine whether the two main long bones of the leg, the femur and tibia, can be used for the assessment of sex on a Greek skeletal population. The skeletal sample used in this study comes from the modern human skeletal collection that is currently housed at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and is known as The Athens Collection. It consists of 371 femora and 372 tibiae corresponding to 200 adult individuals (111 males and 89 females). The age range is 19–96 years for males and 20–99 years for females. The maximum lengths and epiphyseal widths were measured for the present study, and it was found that the discriminant analysis of the metrical data of each long bone provided high sex discrimination accuracies. The rate of correct sex discrimination based on different long bones ranged from 91.50 % (left femur) to 93.40 % (left tibia). Our results suggest that lower limb bones can be used effectively for sexing in forensic contexts, in addition to other sex assessment techniques.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Athens Collection; Femur; Greece; Sexual dimorphism; Tibia; 1103 Clinical Sciences; Legal & Forensic Medicine
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: Elsevier BV
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2022 10:59
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2022 11:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2022.102126
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17393
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