Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

The effect of alcohol on food-related attentional bias, food reward and intake: Two experimental studies

Gough, T, Christiansen, P, Rose, AK and Hardman, CA (2021) The effect of alcohol on food-related attentional bias, food reward and intake: Two experimental studies. Appetite, 162. ISSN 0195-6663

The effect of alcohol on food-related attentional bias, food reward and intake.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (527kB) | Preview


Acute alcohol consumption has been shown to increase food intake, and long-term alcohol consumption may be a risk for weight gain. A potential, but under-studied, mechanism for this effect is alcohol's ability to enhance food reward. In two studies, participants consumed an alcoholic drink (Study 1: 0.3 grams of alcohol per kilogram of bodyweight (g/kg); Study 2: 0.6 g/kg) and a placebo-alcohol drink in a within-subjects design. In both studies, food-related appetitive and motivational states, and attentional bias (AB) towards food-related cues were measured. In Study 1 (N = 44), participants completed a visual probe task with concurrent recording of eye-movements which measured AB towards images of palatable foods, unpalatable foods, and non-food control items. Participants also completed measures of appetite and snack urge ratings, salivary response towards palatable foods and an ad libitum food taste test. In Study 2 (N = 84), participants completed a similar procedure, but completed a modified Stroop task which measured differences in food-related and alcohol-related AB across the two drink conditions. In Study 1, there was no difference in food-related AB between drink conditions, and no differences in snack urge, appetite ratings, salivary response, or food intake. In contrast, Study 2 showed an alcohol-induced increase in AB towards food, but not alcohol. Snack urge, alcohol urge ratings and ad libitum food intake were also higher after alcohol consumption, relative to the placebo. Collectively, these findings suggest that alcohol can increase food reward and food intake, but these effects may only occur at a higher dose.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Behavioral Sciences; Nutrition & Dietetics; Alcohol; Attentional bias; Food reward; Appetite; Food intake; INHIBITORY CONTROL; EATING BEHAVIOR; VISUAL-ATTENTION; COGNITIVE BIAS; APPETITE; CONSUMPTION; EXPECTANCY; CUES; COMPONENTS; OVERWEIGHT; Humans; Ethanol; Feeding Behavior; Alcohol Drinking; Cues; Reward; Appetite; Attentional Bias; Alcohol; Appetite; Attentional bias; Food intake; Food reward; Alcohol Drinking; Appetite; Attentional Bias; Cues; Ethanol; Feeding Behavior; Humans; Reward; Nutrition & Dietetics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: Elsevier
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2022 11:08
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 11:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105173
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17415
View Item View Item