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System responses to Holocene relative sea-level rise and sediment supply in a macrotidal estuary

Best, L, Kirby, JR and Selby, K (2022) System responses to Holocene relative sea-level rise and sediment supply in a macrotidal estuary. Holocene. pp. 1-13. ISSN 0959-6836

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Estuaries are at the interface of marine and terrestrial systems and as such, are subject to environmental change arising from multiple driving mechanisms, with the interplay between the dominant controls varying spatially and temporally. Relative sea-level (RSL) change and sediment supply can play a significant role in driving environmental change. This study examines the relative influence of these drivers during the Holocene. Biostratigraphic records and RSL data are presented from two locations in the inner portion and upper reaches of the macrotidal Humber Estuary, eastern England. The results provide a new terrestrial limiting point and six sea-level index points, two of which at c. 1500 cal years BP provide the youngest sea-level index points for the inner estuary. An early-mid Holocene tidal lagoon system, that lacks modern equivalent, is recorded at one site. The results indicate a shift in the dominance of RSL rise driving the early Holocene creation of wetlands, to sediment supply dominating changes in the mid-late Holocene against the backdrop of a reduced rate of RSL rise, with a submergence of wetlands evident after c. 4000 cal years BP. The persistence of fen carr evident between c. 6800 and 5500 cal years BP suggests stability and resilience of the peatland system to continuing RSL rise. As rates of contemporary RSL rise increase, combined with climate and human impacts on the landscape, the drivers of change in these type of estuary systems will shift, with the records providing analogues of potential system responses that can help inform coastal management strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Paleontology; 0403 Geology; 0406 Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience; 2101 Archaeology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Biological & Environmental Sciences (from Sep 19)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2022 11:14
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2022 11:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1177/09596836221106971
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17416
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