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Implantable drug delivery systems for the treatment of osteomyelitis

Smith, M, Roberts, M and Al Kassas, R (2022) Implantable drug delivery systems for the treatment of osteomyelitis. Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy. ISSN 0363-9045

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Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone tissue and bone marrow which is becoming increasingly difficult to treat due to the infection causing pathogens associated. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main bacteria that causes this infection, which has a broad spectrum of antibiotic resistance making it extremely difficult to treat. Conventional metal implants used in orthopaedic applications often have the drawback of implant induced osteomyelitis as well as the requirement of a second surgery to remove the implant once it is no longer required. Recently, attention has been focused on the design and fabrication of biodegradable implants for the treatment of bone infection. The main benefit of biodegradable implants over polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) based non-degradable systems is that they do not require a second surgery for removal and so making degradable implants safer and easier to use. The main purpose of a biodegradable implant is to provide the necessary support and conductivity to allow the bone to regenerate whilst themselves degrading at a rate that is compatible with the rate of formation of new bone. They must be highly biocompatible to ensure there is no inflammation or irritation within the surrounding tissue. During this review, the latest research into antibiotic loaded biodegradable implants will be explored. Their benefits and drawbacks will be compared with those non-degradable PMMA beads, which is the stable material used within antibiotic loaded implants. Biodegradable implants most frequently used are based on biodegradable natural and synthetic polymers. Implants can take the form of many different structures; the most commonly fabricated structure is a scaffold. Other structures that will be explored within this review are hydrogels, nanoparticles and surface coatings, all with their own benefits/drawbacks.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Implants; bone infection; osteomyelitis; scaffolds; 1115 Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Divisions: Pharmacy & Biomolecular Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2022 11:48
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/03639045.2022.2135729
Editors: Espinoza, Moraga
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17799
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