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Dietary supplements for consideration in elite female footballers

Sheridan, HC, Parker, LJF and Hammond, KM (2021) Dietary supplements for consideration in elite female footballers. European Journal of Sport Science, 22 (5). pp. 733-744. ISSN 1746-1391

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The physical demands of professional female football have intensified in recent years. Supplements are only advised in addition to a healthy, balanced diet, but may warrant a greater prevalence in the professional game to support well-being, recovery and performance. Supplements used by players should be safe, legal and scientifically proven to be effective. An individual approach should be taken to using supplements dependant on the needs and goals of the player. Female players should aim to improve the frequency of protein intake throughout the day, whilst tailoring doses to individual body mass. Vitamin D supplementation is vital throughout the winter months in countries with limited sun exposure, however doses should be administered based on individual blood test results. Iron is likely to be important to the well-being of female athletes throughout the season, in particular during the menses. Omega-3 and collagen may be of greater benefit to female than male athletes during recovery from soft tissue injury, whilst probiotics and creatine are beneficial throughout the season for reducing risk of illness and optimising recovery, respectively. Ergogenic supplements for football include beta-alanine, nitrate and caffeine. Caution should be taken with caffeine use due to the varying tolerance of difference athletes and sleep impairments that can follow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Sport Sciences; Team sport; recovery; performance; nutrition; gender; BETA-ALANINE SUPPLEMENTATION; PROFESSIONAL SOCCER PLAYERS; VITAMIN-D STATUS; CREATINE SUPPLEMENTATION; NITRATE SUPPLEMENTATION; BEETROOT JUICE; BODY-COMPOSITION; MUSCLE SORENESS; FISH-OIL; PERFORMANCE; Humans; Caffeine; Football; Soccer; Dietary Supplements; Female; Male; Athletes; Team sport; gender; nutrition; performance; recovery; Athletes; Caffeine; Dietary Supplements; Female; Football; Humans; Male; Soccer; Sport Sciences; 0913 Mechanical Engineering; 1106 Human Movement and Sports Sciences
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
Divisions: Sport & Exercise Sciences
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 11:59
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1080/17461391.2021.1988149
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17858
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