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Disgust sensitivity relates to attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women across 31 nations

van Leeuwen, F, Inbar, Y, Petersen, MB, Aaroe, L, Barclay, P, Barlow, FK, de Barra, M, Becker, DV, Borovoi, L, Choi, J, Consedine, NS, Conway, JR, Conway, P, Adoric, VC, Demirci, E, Fernández, AM, Seco Ferreira, DC, Ishii, K, Jakšić, I, Ji, T , Jonaityte, I, Lewis, DMG, Li, NP, McIntyre, JC, Mukherjee, S, Park, JH, Pawlowski, B, Pizarro, D, Prokop, P, Prodromitis, G, Rantala, MJ, Reynolds, LM, Sandin, B, Sevi, B, Srinivasan, N, Tewari, S, Yong, JC, Žeželj, I and Tybur, JM (2022) Disgust sensitivity relates to attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women across 31 nations. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations. ISSN 1461-7188

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Previous work has reported a relation between pathogen-avoidance motivations and prejudice toward various social groups, including gay men and lesbian women. It is currently unknown whether this association is present across cultures, or specific to North America. Analyses of survey data from adult heterosexuals (N = 11,200) from 31 countries showed a small relation between pathogen disgust sensitivity (an individual-difference measure of pathogen-avoidance motivations) and measures of antigay attitudes. Analyses also showed that pathogen disgust sensitivity relates not only to antipathy toward gay men and lesbians, but also to negativity toward other groups, in particular those associated with violations of traditional sexual norms (e.g., prostitutes). These results suggest that the association between pathogen-avoidance motivations and antigay attitudes is relatively stable across cultures and is a manifestation of a more general relation between pathogen-avoidance motivations and prejudice towards groups associated with sexual norm violations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social Sciences; Psychology, Social; Psychology; disgust sensitivity; emotion; pathogens; prejudice; sex; BEHAVIORAL IMMUNE-SYSTEM; SOCIAL-DOMINANCE ORIENTATION; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; PATHOGEN-AVOIDANCE; HETEROSEXUALS ATTITUDES; SEXUAL PREJUDICE; PARASITE-STRESS; DISEASE; CONSERVATISM; GENDER; Social Psychology; 1503 Business and Management; 1701 Psychology; 1702 Cognitive Sciences
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2022 12:14
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 12:15
DOI or ID number: 10.1177/13684302211067151
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/17859
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