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Planned early delivery for late preterm pre-eclampsia in a low- and middle-income setting: a feasibility study

Beardmore-Gray, A, Vousden, N, Silverio, SA, Charantimath, U, Katageri, G, Bellad, M, Chinkoyo, S, Vwalika, B, Goudar, S, Sandall, J, Chappell, LC and Shennan, AH (2021) Planned early delivery for late preterm pre-eclampsia in a low- and middle-income setting: a feasibility study. Reproductive Health, 18 (1). ISSN 1742-4755

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-021-01159-y (Published version)


Background: Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity globally. Planned delivery between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes but is yet to be evaluated in a low and middle-income setting. Prior to designing a randomised controlled trial to evaluate this in India and Zambia, we carried out a 6-month feasibility study in order to better understand the proposed trial environment and guide development of our intervention. Methods: We used mixed methods to understand the disease burden and current management of pre-eclampsia at our proposed trial sites and explore the acceptability of the intervention. We undertook a case notes review of women with pre-eclampsia who delivered at the proposed trial sites over a 3-month period, alongside facilitating focus group discussions with women and partners and conducting semi-structured interviews with healthcare providers. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse audit data. A thematic framework analysis was used for qualitative data. Results: Case notes data (n = 326) showed that in our settings, 19.5% (n = 44) of women with pre-eclampsia delivering beyond 34 weeks experienced an adverse outcome. In women delivering between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks, there were similar numbers of antenatal stillbirths [n = 3 (3.3%)] and neonatal deaths [n = 3 (3.4%)]; median infant birthweight was 2.2 kg and 1.9 kg in Zambia and India respectively. Lived experience of women and healthcare providers was an important facilitator to the proposed intervention, highlighting the serious consequences of pre-eclampsia. A preference for spontaneous labour and limited neonatal resources were identified as potential barriers. Conclusions: This study demonstrated a clear need to evaluate the intervention and highlighted several challenges relating to trial context that enabled us to adapt our protocol and design an acceptable intervention. Our study demonstrates the importance of assessing feasibility when developing complex interventions, particularly in a low-resource setting. Additionally, it provides a unique insight into the management of pre-eclampsia at our trial settings and an understanding of the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs underpinning the acceptability of planned early delivery.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Pre-Eclampsia; Premature Birth; Delivery, Obstetric; Focus Groups; Feasibility Studies; Pregnancy; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Zambia; India; Female; Acceptability; Delivery; Feasibility; Low- and middle-income; Pre-eclampsia; Pregnancy; Delivery, Obstetric; Feasibility Studies; Female; Focus Groups; Humans; India; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Pre-Eclampsia; Pregnancy; Premature Birth; Zambia; 1114 Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine; Obstetrics & Reproductive Medicine
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics
Divisions: Psychology (from Sep 2019)
Publisher: BMC
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2022 11:36
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2022 11:36
DOI or ID number: 10.1186/s12978-021-01159-y
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18301
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