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Ship carbon dioxide emission estimation in coastal domestic emission control areas using high spatial-temporal resolution data: A China case

Li, H, Jia, P, Wang, X, Yang, Z, Wang, J and Kuang, H (2022) Ship carbon dioxide emission estimation in coastal domestic emission control areas using high spatial-temporal resolution data: A China case. Ocean and Coastal Management, 232. ISSN 0964-5691

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It is necessary to accurately calculate ship carbon emissions for shipping suitability. The state-of-the-art approaches could arguably not be able to estimate ship carbon emissions accurately due to the uncertainties of Ship Technical Specification Database (STSD) and the geographical and temporal breakpoints in Automatic Identification System (AIS) data, hence requiring a new methodology to be developed to address such defects and further improve the accuracy of emission estimation. Firstly, a novel STSD iterative repair model is proposed based on the random forest algorithm by the incorporation of13 ship technical parameters. The repair model is scalable and can substantially improve the quality of STSD. Secondly, a new ship AIS trajectory segmentation algorithm based on ST-DBSCAN is developed, which effectively eliminates the impact of geographical and temporal AIS breakpoints on emission estimation. It can accurately identify the ships' berthing and anchoring trajectories and reasonably segment the trajectories. Finally, based on this proposed framework, the ship carbon dioxide emissions within the scope of domestic emission control areas (DECA) along the coast of China are estimated. The experiment results indicate that the proposed STSD repair model is highly credible due to the significant connections between ship technical parameters. In addition, the emission analysis shows that, within the scope of China's DECA, the berthing period of ships is longer owing to the joint effects of coastal operation features and the strict quarantine measures under the COVID-19 pandemic, which highlights the emissions produced by ship auxiliary engines and boilers. The carbon intensity of most coastal provinces in China is relatively high, reflecting the urgent demand for the transformation and updates of the economic development models. Based on the theoretical models and results, this study recommends a five-stage decarbonization scheme for China's DECA to advance its decarbonization process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 04 Earth Sciences; 05 Environmental Sciences; 16 Studies in Human Society; Fisheries
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier BV
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2022 11:27
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2023 00:50
DOI or ID number: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2022.106419
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18434
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