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Mental health selection: Common mental disorder and migration between multiple states of deprivation in a UK cohort

Greene, G, Gartner, A, Farewell, D, Trefan, L, Davies, AR, Bellis, MA and Paranjothy, S (2020) Mental health selection: Common mental disorder and migration between multiple states of deprivation in a UK cohort. BMJ Open, 10 (2). ISSN 2044-6055

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Open Access URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033238 (Published Version)


Objectives To assess whether the direction of movement along the social gradient was associated with changes in mental health status. Design Longitudinal record-linkage study using a multistate model. Setting Caerphilly, Wales, UK between 2001 and 2015.
Participants The analytical sample included 10 892 (60.8% female) individuals aged 18-74 years. Primary and secondary outcome measures Deprivation change at lower super output area level using the 2008 Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation. Mental health was assessed in 2001 and 2008 using the Mental Health Inventory subscale of the short-form 36 V.2.
Results Mental health selection was shown whereby individuals with common mental health disorders were less likely to move to areas of lower deprivation but more likely to move to areas of greater deprivation.
Conclusion Poor mental health seems to drive health selection in a similar way to poor physical health. Therefore, funding targeted at areas of higher deprivation should consider the demand to be potentially higher as individuals with poor mental health may migrate into that area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans; Mental Health; Residence Characteristics; Social Class; Poverty; Socioeconomic Factors; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Health Services Needs and Demand; Health Services Accessibility; Wales; Female; Male; Healthcare Disparities; Young Adult; depression & mood disorders; epidemiology; public health; Adult; Aged; Female; Health Services Accessibility; Health Services Needs and Demand; Healthcare Disparities; Humans; Male; Mental Health; Middle Aged; Poverty; Residence Characteristics; Social Class; Socioeconomic Factors; Wales; Young Adult; 1103 Clinical Sciences; 1117 Public Health and Health Services; 1199 Other Medical and Health Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Public Health Institute
Publisher: BMJ
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2022 11:32
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2022 15:24
DOI or Identification number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033238
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18469

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