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Utilization of Co-Fired Blended Ash and Chopped Basalt Fiber in the Development of Sustainable Mortar

Shelote, KM, Gavali, HR, Brás, A and Ralegaonkar, RV (2021) Utilization of Co-Fired Blended Ash and Chopped Basalt Fiber in the Development of Sustainable Mortar. Sustainability, 13 (3). ISSN 2071-1050

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Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031247 (Published version)


Excessive consumption of cement in construction materials has resulted in a negative impact on the environment. This leads to the need of finding an alternative binder as a sustainable construction material. Different wastes that are rich in aluminosilicates have proved to be a valuable material for alkali-activated product development, which contains zero cement. Alkali-activated products are claimed to be sustainable and cost-effective. In the present study, alkali-activated reinforced masonry mortar was developed using locally available industrial waste (co-fired blended ash—CBA). Appropriate mortar design is one of the key challenges as connections between two structural elements play a significant role in building construction. The mortar designed with suitable fiber reinforcement shall significantly help to enhance the fresh, mechanical, durability, and dynamic properties. Chopped basalt fibers (CBFs) obtained from basalt rock are one of the eco-efficient fibers applied as a reinforcing material. The present study checked the feasibility of novel industrial waste-co-fired blended ash (CBA) in the development of alkali-activated masonry mortar and reinforced alkali-activated mortar. In view of sustainable construction material design, the study elaborated the application of chopped basalt fibers (CBFs) in alkali-activated mortar design. The mortar cubes were cast and tested for various properties with varying percentages of chopped basalt fibers (0.5%, 1%, and 1.5%). The results suggest that developed mortars were able to achieve higher compressive strength (10–18 MPa) and flexural strength (3–3.5 MPa). Further, based on the properties of developed alkali-activated reinforced mortar, masonry prisms were cast and evaluated for the bond strengths (flexural and shear) of masonry. The optimum properties of alkali-activated mortar were found for the mix design of alkali activator to solid ratio of 0.40 and 0.5% CBF percentage. Application of CBF in CBA alkali-activated reinforced masonry mortar proved to be an efficient construction material with no cement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alkali-activated; bond strength; co-fired blended ash; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Environmental Studies; fibers; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Science & Technology; Science & Technology - Other Topics; waste; Science & Technology; Life Sciences & Biomedicine; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Studies; Science & Technology - Other Topics; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; alkali-activated; bond strength; fibers; co-fired blended ash; waste; 12 Built Environment and Design
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Publisher: MDPI AG
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2023 13:14
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2023 13:15
DOI or ID number: 10.3390/su13031247
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/18607
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