Facial reconstruction

Search LJMU Research Online

Browse Repository | Browse E-Theses

Kinematics of the Local Group gas and galaxies in the hestia simulations

Biaus, L, Nuza, SE, Richter, P, Sparre, M, Scannapieco, C, Damle, M, Sorce, JG, Grand, RJJ, Tempel, E, Libeskind, NI and Hani, MH (2022) Kinematics of the Local Group gas and galaxies in the hestia simulations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 517 (4). pp. 6170-6182. ISSN 0035-8711

stac2983 (1).pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview


We investigate the kinematic properties of gas and galaxies in the Local Group (LG) using high-resolution simulations performed by the hestia (High-resolution Environmental Simulations of The Immediate Area) collaboration. Our simulations include the correct cosmography surrounding LG-like regions consisting of two main spiral galaxies of ∼1012 M⊙, their satellites and minor isolated galaxies, all sharing the same large-scale motion within a volume of a few Mpc. We characterize the gas and galaxy kinematics within the simulated LGs, from the perspective of the Sun, to compare with observed trends from recent HST/COS absorption-line observations and LG galaxy data. To analyse the velocity pattern of LG gas and galaxies seen in the observational data, we build sky maps from the local standard of rest, and the Galactic and LG barycentre frames. Our findings show that the establishment of a radial velocity dipole at low/high latitudes, near the preferred barycentre direction, is a natural outcome of simulation kinematics for material outside the Milky Way virial radius after removing Galaxy rotation when the two main LG galaxies are approaching. Our results favour a scenario where gas and galaxies stream towards the LG barycentre producing a velocity dipole resembling observations. While our study shows in a qualitative way the global matter kinematics in the LG as part of its ongoing assembly, quantitative estimates of gas-flow rates and physical conditions of the LG gas have to await a more detailed modelling of the ionization conditions, which will be presented in a follow-up paper.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2022 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2023 11:58
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2023 11:58
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stac2983
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19268
View Item View Item