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The chemo-dynamical groups of Galactic globular clusters

Callingham, TM, Cautun, M, Deason, AJ, Frenk, CS, Grand, RJJ and Marinacci, F (2022) The chemo-dynamical groups of Galactic globular clusters. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 513 (3). pp. 4107-4129. ISSN 0035-8711

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We introduce a multicomponent chemo-dynamical method for splitting the Galactic population of globular clusters (GCs) into three distinct constituents: bulge, disc, and stellar halo. The latter is further decomposed into the individual large accretion events that built up the Galactic stellar halo: the Gaia -Enceladus-Sausage, Kraken and Sequoia structures, and the Sagittarius and Helmi streams. Our modelling is extensively tested using mock GC samples constructed from the AURIGA suite of hydrodynamical simulations of Milky Way (MW)-like galaxies. We find that, on average, a proportion of the accreted GCs cannot be associated with their true infall group and are left ungrouped, biasing our recovered population numbers to ∼80 per cent of their true value. Furthermore, the identified groups have a completeness and a purity of only ∼65 percent. This reflects the difficulty of the problem, a result of the large degree of overlap in energy-action space of the debris from past accretion events. We apply the method to the Galactic data to infer, in a statistically robust and easily quantifiable way, the GCs associated with each MW accretion event. The resulting groups' population numbers of GCs, corrected for biases, are then used to infer the halo and stellar masses of the now defunct satellites that built up the halo of the MW.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©: 2022 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: 0201 Astronomical and Space Sciences; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Astrophysics Research Institute
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
SWORD Depositor: A Symplectic
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2023 11:49
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2023 12:00
DOI or ID number: 10.1093/mnras/stac1145
URI: https://researchonline.ljmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/19275
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